Avocado: Main Image

Buying Tips

Look for avocados that are heavy for their size and are free of bruises and dark sunken spots. Unripe avocados are hard to the touch. Place them in a brown paper bag at room temperature for two to three days to ripen. They are ready to eat when slightly soft.


Although there are about a hundred varieties of avocado, only a few are grown and consumed in the United States. The most commonly available variety is the Haas avocado, a dark-green, pebbly skinned avocado grown in California that is available year-round. Fuerte avocados are medium green and have a smoother skin. Grown in California, they are available in the fall and winter. Florida avocados are larger than those from California, have a smoother skin, and are lower in fat. Some jumbo avocados may be slightly lower in fat as well.

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The information presented in the Food Guide is for informational purposes only and was created by a team of US–registered dietitians and food experts. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements, making dietary changes, or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires December 2021.