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Buying Tips

Belgian endive is available year-round, with a peak season from November through April. Curly endive and escarole are available all year long, with the peak season from June through October. Buy crisp, firmly packed heads of Belgian endive. Look for crisp, firm heads of curly endive and escarole.


Belgian endive, also called French endive or witloof, is a small, cylindrical head of pale, tightly packed leaves. Curly endive, sometimes mistakenly called chicory, has lacy, green-rimmed and curly leaves, with a prickly texture and slightly bitter taste. Escarole has broad, slightly curved, pale green leaves with a milder flavor than either Belgian or curly endive.

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The information presented in the Food Guide is for informational purposes only and was created by a team of US–registered dietitians and food experts. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements, making dietary changes, or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires December 2024.