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Vegetarian Diet

Vegetarian Diet: Main Image

Resources for This Diet

The Vegetarian Resource Group

PO Box 1463

Baltimore, MD 21203

Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine

PO Box 6322

Washington, DC 20015

The Vegetarian Nutrition and Health Letter

1711 Nichol Hall

School of Public Health

Loma Linda University

Loma Linda, CA 92350

The Vegetarian Way: Total Health for You and Your Family by Virginia Messina and Mark Messina. New York: Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996.

Becoming Vegetarian: The Complete Guide to Adopting a Healthy Vegetarian Diet by Vesanto Melina and Brenda Davis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., revised edition 2003.

How to Cook Everything Vegetarian by Mark Bittman. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2007.

Lorna Sass’ Complete Vegetarian Kitchen: Where Good Flavors and Good Health Meet by Lorna J. Sass. New York: William Morrow and Co., revised edition 2002.

Vegetarian Cooking for Everyone by Deborah Madison. New York: Broadway Books, revised edition 2007.

May All Be Fed: A Diet for a New World by John Robbins and Jia Patton. New York: Avon Books, 1993.


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Clarys P, Deliens T, Huybrechts I, et al. Comparison of nutritional quality of the vegan, vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian and omnivorous diet. Nutrients 2014;6:1318-32. doi: 10.3390/nu6031318.

Craig W, Mangels A; American Dietetic Association. Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets. J Am Diet Assoc 2009;109:1266-82.

Eichholzer M, Richard A, Nicastro H, et al. Urinary lignans and inflammatory markers in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 and 2005-2008. Cancer Causes Control 2014;25:395-403. doi: 10.1007/s10552-014-0340-3. Epub 2014 Jan 25.

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Fritz H, Seely D, Flower G, et al. Soy, red clover, and isoflavones and breast cancer: a systematic review. PLoS One 2013;8:e81968. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081968. eCollection 2013.

Galland L. Diet and inflammation. Nutr Clin Pract 2010 Dec;25:634-40. doi: 10.1177/0884533610385703.

Ho-Pham L, Vu B, Lai T, et al. Vegetarianism, bone loss, fracture and vitamin D: a longitudinal study in Asian vegans and non-vegans. Eur J Clin Nutr 2012 Jan;66:75-82. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2011.131. Epub 2011 Aug 3.

Hooda J, Shah A, Zhang L. Heme, an essential nutrient from dietary proteins, critically impacts diverse physiological and pathological processes. Nutrients 2014;6:1080-102. doi: 10.3390/nu6031080.

Hunt J. Moving toward a plant-based diet: are iron and zinc at risk? Nutr Rev 2002;60:127-34.

Kyyalamudi S, Jeong S, Cho K, et al. Vitamin B12 is the active corrinoid produced in cultivated white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). J Agric Food Chem 2009;57:6327-33. doi: 10.1021/jf9010966.

Labarthe F, Gelinas R, Des Rosiers C. Medium-chain fatty acids as metabolic therapy in cardiac disease. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2008;22:97-106. doi: 10.1007/s10557-008-6084-0.

Leung A, Lamar A, He X, et al. Iodine status and thyroid function of Boston-area vegetarians and vegans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2011;96:E1303-7. doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-0256. Epub 2011 May 25.

Mo H, Kariluoto S, Piironen V, et al Effect of soybean processing on content and bioaccessibility of folate, vitamin B12 and isoflavones in tofu and tempe. Food Chem 2013;141:2418-25. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.05.017. Epub 2013 May 14.

Orlich M, Singh P, Sabate J, et al. Vegetarian dietary patterns and mortality in Adventist Health Study 2. JAMA Intern Med 2013;173:1230-8. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6473.

Pawlak R, Lester S, Babatunde T. The prevalence of cobalamin deficiency among vegetarians assessed by serum vitamin B12: a review of literature. Eur J Clin Nutr 2014;68:541-8. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2014.46. Epub 2014 Mar 26.

Richard A, Rohmann S, Mohler-Kuo M, et al. Urinary phytoestrogens and depression in perimenopausal US women: NHANES 2005-2008. J Affect Disord 2014;156:200-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.12.029. Epub 2013 Dec 30.

Rizza W, Veronese N, Fontana L. What are the roles of calorie restriction and diet quality in promoting healthy longevity? Ageing Res Rev 2014;13:38-45. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2013.11.002. Epub 2013 Nov 27.

Si H, Liu D. Dietary antiaging phytochemicals and mechanisms associated with prolonged survival. J Nutr Biochem 2014;25:581-591. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2014.02.001. Epub 2014 Mar 12.

Strohle A, Waldmann A, Koschizke J, et al. Diet-dependent net endogenous acid load of vegan diets in relation to food groups and bone health-related nutrients: results from the German Vegan Study. Ann Nutr Metab 2011;59:117-26. doi: 10.1159/000331572. Epub 2011 Dec 2.

Struja T, Richard A, Linseisen J, et al. The association between urinary phytoestrogen excretion and components of the metabolic syndrome in NHANES. Eur J Nutr 2013; [Epub ahead of print]

Tantamango-Bartley Y, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Fan J, et al. Vegetarian diets and the incidence of cancer in a low-risk population. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2013;22:286-94. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-12-1060. Epub 2012 Nov 20.

Whorton J. Historical development of vegetarianism. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;59:1103S-9S.

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The information presented by TraceGains is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor's care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires December 2024.