Go Here Test

More Diets

Go Here Test

Low-Salt Diet

Low-Salt Diet: Main Image

Resources for This Diet

American Heart Association

1615 Stemmons Freeway

Dallas, TX 75207–8806


The No Salt, Lowest-Sodium Cookbook: Hundreds of Favorite Recipes Created to Combat Congestive Heart Failure and Dangerous Hypertension by Donald A. Gazzaniga, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2001

Get the Salt Out: 501 Simple Ways to Cut the Salt Out of Any Diet by Ann Louise Gittleman, New York: Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996.

Cooking Without a Grain of Salt by Elma W. Bagg, New York: Bantam Books, 1998.

USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (on-line search for sodium content)



Boles R, Rice DH, Hybels R, Work WP. Conservative management of Meniere’s disease: Furstenberg regimen revisited. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1975;84:513–7.

Brainard JB. Angiotensin and aldosterone elevation in salt-induced migraine. Headache 1981;21:222–6.

Carey OJ, Locke C, Cookson JB. Effect of alterations of dietary sodium on the severity of asthma in men. Thorax 1993;48:714–8.

De Lorenzo F, Hargreaves J, Kakkar VV. Pathogenesis and management of delayed orthostatic hypotension in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Auton Res 1997;7:185–90.

Dengel DR, Hogikyan RV, Brown MD, et al. Insulin sensitivity is associated with blood pressure response to sodium in older hypertensives. Am J Physiol 1998;274:E403–9.

Dengel DR, Mayuga RS, Kairis GM, et al. Effect of dietary sodium on insulin sensitivity in older, obese, sedentary hypertensives. Am J Hypertens 1997;10:964–70.

De Stefani E, Oreggia F, Ronco A, et al. Salted meat consumption as a risk factor for cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx: a case-control study from Uruguay. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1994;3:381–5.

Devine A, Criddle RA, Dick IM, et al. A longitudinal study of the effect of sodium and calcium intakes on regional bone density in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;62:740–5.

Donovan DS, Solomon CG, Seely EW, et al. Effect of sodium intake on insulin sensitivity. Am J Physiol 1993;264:E730–E734.

Evans CEL, Chughtai AY, Blumsohn A, et al. The effect of dietary sodium on calcium metabolism in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Eur J Clin Nutr 1997;51:394–9.

Feldman RD, Schmidt ND. Moderate dietary salt restriction increases vascular and systemic insulin resistance. Am J Hypertens 1999;12:643–7.

Fogarty A, Britton J. The role of diet in the aetiology of asthma. Clin Exp Allergy 2000;30:615–27.

Franx A, Steegers EA, de Boo T, et al. Sodium-blood pressure interrelationship in pregnancy. J Hum Hypertens 1999;13:159–66.

Gomi T, Shibuya Y, Sakurai J, et al. Strict dietary sodium reduction worsens insulin sensitivity by increasing sympathetic nervous activity in patients with primary hypertension. Am J Hypertens 1998;11:1048–55.

Gotshall RW, Mickleborough TD, Cordain L. Dietary salt restriction improves pulmonary function in exercise-induced asthma. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000;32:1815–9.

Grey A, Braatvedt G, Holdaway I. Moderate dietary salt restriction does not alter insulin resistance or serum lipids in normal men. Am J Hypertens 1996;9:317–22.

He J, Ogden LG, Vupputuri S, et al. Dietary sodium intake and subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease in overweight adults. JAMA 1999;282:2027–34.

Hughes J, Norman RW. Diet and calcium stones. Can Med Assoc J 1992;146:137–43 [review].

Javaid A, Cushley MJ, Bone MF. Effect of dietary salt on bronchial reactivity to histamine in asthma. BMJ 1988;297:454.

Jooseens JV, Geboers, J. Nutrition and gastric cancer. Nutr Cancer 1981;2:250–61.

Joossens JV, Hill MJ, Elliott P, et al. Dietary salt, nitrate and stomach cancer mortality in 24 countries. Int J Epidemiol 1996;25:494–504.

Knox GW, McPherson A. Meniere’s disease: differential diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician 1997;55:1185–90, 1193–4 [review].

Lind L, Lithell H, Gustafsson IB, et al. Metabolic cardiovascular risk factors and sodium sensitivity in hypertensive subjects. Am J Hypertens 1992;5:502–5.

MacGregor GA, et al. Double-blind study of three sodium intakes and long-term effects of sodium restriction in essential hypertension. Lancet 1989;ii:1244–7.

Massey LK, Whiting SJ. Dietary salt, urinary calcium, and kidney stone risk. Nutr Rev 1995;131–9 [review].

McParland BE, Boulding A, Campbell AJ. Dietary salt affects biochemical markers of resorption and formation of bone in elderly women. BMJ 1989;299:834–5.

Medici TC, Schmid AZ, Hacki M, Vetter W. Are asthmatics salt-sensitive? A preliminary controlled study. Chest 1993;104:1138–43.

Moutquin JM, Garner PR, Burrows RF, et al. Report of the Canadian Hypertension Society Consensus Conference: 2. Nonpharmacologic management and prevention of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. CMAJ 1997;157:907–19.

Muldowney FP, Freaney R, Moloney MF. Importance of dietary sodium in the hypercalciuria syndrome. Kidney Int 1982;22:292–6.

Nazario CM, Szklo M, Diamond E, et al. Salt and gastric cancer: a case-control study in Puerto Rico. Int J Epidemiol 1993;22:790–7.

Negri E, La Vecchia C, D’Avanzo B, et al. Salt preference and the risk of gastrointestinal cancers. Nutr Cancer 1990;14:227–32.

Pyykko I, Magnusson M, Schalen L, Enbom H. Pharmacological treatment of vertigo. Acta Laryngol 1988;455:77–81 [review].

Sabto J, Powell MJ, Gurr B, Gurr FW. Influence of urinary sodium on calcium excretion in normal individuals. Med J Austral 1984;140:354–6.

Saeed SR. Diagnosis and treatment of Meniere’s disease. BMJ 1998;316:368–72 [review].

Sakhaee K, Harvey JA, Padalino PK, et al. The potential role of salt abuse on the risk for kidney stone formation. J Urol 1993;150(2 pt1):310–2.

Sharma AM, Schorr U, Distler A. Insulin resistance in young salt-sensitive normotensive subjects. Hypertension 1993;21:273–9.

Silver J, Rubinger D, Friedlaender MM, Popovitzer MM. Sodium-dependent idiopathic hypercalciuria in renal-stone formers. Lancet 1983;ii:484–6.

Spencer JT Jr. Hyperlipoproteinemia, hyperinsulinism, and Meniere’s disease. South Med J 1981;74:1194–7,1200.

Stahle J. Medical treatment of fluctuant hearing loss in Meniere’s disease. Am J Otol 1984;5:529–33 [review].

Stamler J, et al. Findings of the international cooperative INTERSALT study. Hypertension 1991;17(Suppl I):I-9–15.

Steegers EA, Van Lakwijk HP, Jongsma HW, et al. (Patho)physiological implications of chronic dietary sodium restriction during pregnancy; a longitudinal prospective randomized study. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1991;98:980–7.

Tsugane S, Tei Y, Takahashi T, et al. Salty food intake and risk of Helicobacter pylori infection. Jpn J Cancer Res 1994;85:474–8.

Tuyns AJ. Salt and gastrointestinal cancer. Nutr Cancer 1988;11:229–32.

van der Maten GD. Low sodium diet in pregnancy: effects on maternal nutritional status. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1995;61:63–4.

Zarkadas M, Geougeon-Reyburn R, Marliss EB, et al. Sodium chloride supplementation and urinary calcium excretion in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;50:1088–94.

Copyright © 2024 TraceGains, Inc. All rights reserved.

Learn more about TraceGains, the company.

The information presented by TraceGains is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor's care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires December 2024.